Thick, glossy, smooth, creamy, rich, beautiful and delicious - these are just some words to describe one of Earth's greatest food invention ever - pastry cream. It is one of the easiest and most delicious concoction that can be used as a filling for cakes, tarts, and most notably, choux (cream puffs and eclairs).
This is the first time I made it (I really should slap myself for not making this earlier, it's so delicious!) and I'm really happy that it turned out to be a success. 😉
I was a little confused as to why there are different names to this lovely concoction - custard, pastry cream, crème pâtissière - so I did some research and here's what I got:
Custard: A mixture of milk and eggs thickened by gentle heating.
Pastry cream: Similar to custard, but with flour / starch added in to act as a thickener. It's also known as the confectioner's custard.
Crème pâtissière: The French name of pastry cream!
See the vanilla specks? Sorry, can't help but to crop a picture just to "show off" the pretty vanilla seeds. Yum!
When I was younger, I did attempt making pastry cream before with custard powder (the attempt ended up as a flop because I think I overcooked it or something... can't really remember). After researching today, I found out that custard powder is just simply cornflour and sugar that are coloured and flavoured. It was invented by Alfred Bird in 1837, and was a great alternative for people who cannot eat eggs. I remember using only a little of the custard powder to make the cream, and the rest was left in the shelf to get... expired. So it's really a waste of my money to buy custard powder to make pastry cream.
This pastry cream recipe uses eggs, flour, milk, sugar, butter and vanilla - it's surprisingly very easy to make pastry cream and it's so, so, do delicious! I really don't think custard powder can taste as good as the real deal, so do give it a try if you can! 😉
First grab some eggs and sugar.
Whisk them together until you get a lovely pale mixture.
Add / sift in the flour and whisk to mix them together.
Combine some sugar, butter and milk in a pot. Bring it to a simmer.
Pour the milk mixture little by little into the egg mixture, whisking the egg mixture constantly. This process is called tempering.
Tempering is a heat process used to stabilize certain products. When the hot milk is slowly added into the eggs, it gradually brings the temperature of the eggs up without scrambling them - this allows a perfect and smooth consistency. Chocolate is also tempered to stabilize the fat in the chocolate so that it does not "bloom" when it cools.
Pour the mixture back into the pot and cook over medium heat, stirring constantly.
The mixture will slowly thicken and the colour will deepen from a pale beige colour to a beautiful yellow. Continue to stir and cook until you start to see two to three huge air bubbles popping out of the pastry cream. That means the pastry cream is ready! (How exciting!) Remove the pastry cream from heat. (You'd have to do it pretty vigorously if you're cooking a large batch, so the bottom doesn't burn.)
Place the pot in a large bowl of ice water and stir constantly until the pastry cream has cooled to room temperature. Stir in the vanilla paste. Cover the surface with a sheet of clingfilm and refrigerate till ready to use.
This cooling step is actually optional - you can just stir in the vanilla then place a sheet of clingfilm on the surface of the pastry cream and let it cool slowly. But I was in a rush so I decided to cool it in a water bath.
And the pastry cream's ready!
Use it as a filling for cream puffs! Yum!
(The recipe for cream puffs are coming up next! Stay tune ;))
P.S. I'm posting more recipes for the next few days to meet some baking events dateline, so I guess we're all in for a visual treat 😉
- 50 grams sugar
- 50 grams egg yolks, 3 to 4 egg yolks
- 20 grams all-purpose flour
- 250 grams fresh milk
- 15 grams butter
- 1 teaspoon vanilla paste / extract
- Prepare a large bowl of ice water (enough to put a pot in). Set aside.
- Combine 40 grams of sugar with the egg yolks in a large bowl. Whisk immediately with a wire whisk until the mixture is pale and smooth. Sift in the flour and whisk till smooth. Set aside.
- Combine the milk, butter and the remaining 10 grams of sugar in a medium pot and warm over medium heat until it comes to a boil. Remove from heat.
- Pour the hot milk, little by little, bit by bit, into the egg yolks, whisking constantly until ¼ of the hot milk has been added. (Don't add the hot milk too fast, otherwise it'll scramble the eggs and you'll have to start over.)
- After ¼ of the hot milk has been added, add the hot milk in a slow and steady stream, whisking constantly - until ¼ of hot milk is left. This whole process is called tempering.
- Once the egg yolks have been tempered, pour the egg yolk mixture back into the pot and whisk to mix them altogether. Place the pot back on medium heat and with a wooden spoon, stir the mixture constantly until the mixture has thickened and has started to boil - you'll see huge air bubbles popping out of the custard - that's a sign that the pastry cream is ready.
- Remove the pot from heat and place it in the bowl of ice water. Stir the pastry cream constantly until it has cooled down. Stir in the vanilla paste / extract.
- If using immediately, spoon the pastry cream into a piping bag and keep it refrigerated until needed. If not, transfer the pastry cream into a container, place a plastic wrap (cling film) directly onto the surface of the pastry cream (to prevent a skin from forming) and refrigerate for up to 3 days.
 You can use vanilla bean instead of vanilla extract / paste. Simply split ½ of a vanilla pod in half, scrape the seeds off the vanilla pod. Add the seeds and the pod into the milk mixture and bring to a boil. Remove from heat and let the vanilla pod steep for 15 minutes to infuse the milk with flavour. Remove the vanilla pod and proceed as per normal. Rinse and dry the vanilla pod - place it in a jar of sugar and let steep to get vanilla sugar!
 You don't have to cool the pastry cream in an ice water bath - you can let it cool in a large shallow pan, but do cover the top with clingfilm to prevent a layer of skin forming on top.
 If you're making a large batch of pastry cream, when the pastry cream is cooking in the pot, you must stir it constantly and pretty vigorously, scrapping the bottom of the pot all the time so that it doesn't burn at the bottom.
Hi, don’t you need corn starch for the creme pat to firm up? I don’t want to risk having a runny mess in the puffs or a tart :(((
Jasline N. says
Hi Peony, my pastry cream uses all-purpose flour to firm up 🙂
Jasline N. says
Hi Kimberly! I posted the puff in a separate blog post here: cream puffs
Hope you'll like the recipe!
Kimberly Garcia says
How do you make the puff? ToT
Floating islands « what's for dinner says
[...] Crème Pâtissière (Pastry Cream) (foodismylife.wordpress.com) [...]
Julia Fairchild says
Thanks for the research/info! I had hoped to get to making one tonight or tomorrow morning, but work (at times unfortunately) trumps baking. Fingers crossed, Sunday!
Sibella at bakingwithsibella.com says
Omg yes! 😀
I'm quite surprised I manage to make it successfully on my first try too. It's really delicious! I foresee making this more often 😉
Thank you John! I'm so glad that they invented pastry cream, it's truly one of the best cream I've ever tasted 😉
Hi Chris, me too! So in love with them!
Thank you Julia! I have not made it into a tart before, but based on Joy of Baking which uses 300ml of milk to fill a 8 to 9 inch fruit tart, I reckon mine should be able to fill a 7 to 8-inch tart. Are you making a tart soon? 😉
I'm sure one bowl isn't enough! 😉
Oooh pastry cream is sooo addictive isn't it? 😉
Thank you Lena! Cream puffs are addictive! 😉
Hi Villy! Thank you for the compliments! I didn't know pastry cream is so easy, I'm going to make them more often now! 😉
johnnysenough hepburn says
Think I've only ever made this once before, and was pleasantly surprised at how easy it was to make. Sooooo delicious!
A profiterole filled with a fine pastry cream is, for me, one of Life's great pleasures. Your opening photos literally had me salivating. Yes, I love pastry cream!
Yum, yum ... I love these!
Julia Fairchild says
This looks amazing. I always wondered how this was done. thank you for the simple explanation! Would a half batch of pastry cream fill a tart or a full?
Choux à la Crème (Cream Puffs / Profiteroles) « Food Is My Life says
[...] head over here for the step-by-step photos! 50 grams sugar 50 grams egg yolks (3 to 4 egg yolks) 20 grams [...]
Yum! I'll take a bowlful for my eclairs, please!
Sibella at bakingwithsibella.com says
Great recipe, I make mine in a similar way.
perfect texture! i also used vanilla custard for my cream puffs, it was good , will chk out your cream puffs tomorrow!...actually it's today!! haha!
I've made it a few times, once for my eclairs and twice for a layer cake! It's so delicious! I haven't made puffs yet though.. Yours look so pretty!
I am so happy that it'll be useful to you. The recipe for cream puffs will be posted tomorrow, hope you'll like it too! 🙂
Yes, it's mine too! 😉
Thank you Uru, it's really delicious 😉
Thank you for the compliments Jo! I made them for a Bake Along that scheduled tomorrow, will post the recipe of my cream puffs tomorrow, stay tuned! 😉
Thank you Mich!
Thank you for the compliments! I'm going to post the pastries soon, stay tune! 😉
Thank you Raymund! It's really addictive 😉
Even without the pastry I can eat them 🙂
I love pastry cream! Thanks so much for this awesome post and the step-by-step photos and instructions. I have a feeling I'm going to be consulting this post again and again whenever I need to make this.
My favourite filling for cream puffs. 🙂
Choc Chip Uru says
Nothing beats a good cream my friend, yours looks perfect 😀
Choc Chip Uru
Beautiful! Funny how I just made choux pastry and creme patisserie too! I love creme pat ESP with those vanilla bean seeds!
Mich - Piece of Cake says
Looks yummy Jasline!
Perfect pastry cream just the right consistency!! Your little pastries look wonderful.
Thank you, now how do you make the white cream? That's the one I like, but I'm sure it's so much worse for me.